It’s been touted as a “reactionless thruster” that can produce thrust from nowhere. The cone-shaped device seems to break most of the known laws of physics, hence the controversy. If it worked as advertised, it could make interstellar missions pretty feasible.
So a new paper presented at the Aeronautics and Astronautics Association of France’s Space Propulsion conference this week is sure to cause a bit of a stir. Researchers led by Martin Tajmar from the Dresden University of Technology in Germany have been investigating the thruster as part of their SpaceDrive project.
And initial results suggest that the force reported in previous EmDrive experiments may not be the result of some magical invisible force, but rather the interaction of cables and Earth’s magnetic field.
“Our results show that the magnetic interaction from not sufficiently shielded cables or thrusters are a major factor that needs to be taken into account,” the team writes in their paper.
Calculating the forces between their cables and the Earth’s magnetic field, they surmised that the force they noticed – a few micro-Newtons – could be explained by the process.
“[T]he German researchers noted that when they changed the direction that the EmDrive was facing, the direction of the thrust changed, but the level of thrust did not,” Motherboard noted.
“This clearly indicates that the 'thrust' is not coming from the EmDrive but from some electromagnetic interaction,” the researchers added.
This wouldn’t be the first time scientists have been stumped by an outside source. Back in 2015, astronomers discovered that a mysterious signal they had been recording from the distant universe was actually the result of a nearby microwave oven.
The goal of the project is to try and eradicate all false positives for the EmDrive, to see if it actually stands up to science. They’re also investigating another type of propulsion called the Mach Effect Thruster, a concept where some of the force applied to a body to accelerate it is stored as energy. Results on that at the moment are too early to say.
“We continue to improve our measurement setup and thruster developments in order to finally assess if any of these concepts is viable and if it can be scaled up,” the researchers said.
At the moment, however, it doesn’t look great for the EmDrive, which would be welcome news to some who have bemoaned the fantastical nature of this thruster – and a kick in the teeth for others who have backed the idea of propellantless propulsion.
Tajmar told IFLScience it would be another year before they had tested the EmDrive at the same power levels as other tests. "Then we will know if the EmDrive works as claimed or not," he said.