On Sunday, Jair Bolsonaro won the Brazilian presidency with a 55.2 percent share of the vote, beating his opponent, Fernando Haddad, by more than 10 percentage points.
If you haven't heard much about Bolsonaro, he is a loud and proud racist, misogynist, and homophobe who is pro-torture, pro-dictatorship, and once told fellow politician Maria do Rosário "I wouldn’t rape you because you don’t deserve it”.
Bolsonaro ran for the Social Liberal Party (PSL), which isn't particularly liberal or socialist but instead runs on a platform of social conservatism and pro-market policy. Yet he was able to achieve the lion's share of the vote by appealing to a disillusioned and angry population tired of the corruption they see corroding their national politics.
His populism and far-right agenda has earned Bolsonaro the nickname "Trump of the Tropics". Like his namesake, he has announced his intentions to take Brazil out of the Paris Agreement, which could be another blow to the international effort to curb climate change as it would invalidate Brazil's commitment to limit greenhouse gas emissions brought about by the deforestation of the Amazon. (The country has pledged to decrease carbon emissions by 43 percent of 2005 levels by 2030.)
But that's not all. Bolsonaro has aligned himself with the National Congress' so-called "ruralista" bloc, which supports the interests of large landowners and agricultural businesses in opposition to conservationists and the environment. In the lead up to the election, he talked about relaxing environmental protections, opening indigenous territories to mining and has even proposed a plan to construct a large, paved highway through the Amazon rainforest.
During his campaign, Bolsonaro spoke of plans to remove land protections for indigenous people, dispel international NGOs like Greenpeace and WWF from the country, and dismantle Brazil's Environmental Ministry. The latter, if things go his way, will be placed in the hands of the Agriculture Ministry run by agribusiness, which has a less-than-supportive interest in sustainability and the environment.