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This Week In Science!

author

Chris Carpineti

Senior Video Editor

clockApr 16 2021, 14:58 UTC
This week in science IFLScience

New Personalized Cancer Vaccine Is Safe And Shows Promise, Early Clinical Trial Shows 

A new personalized cancer vaccine has raised no safety concerns and has shown potential benefit to patients with different cancers, including lung and bladder cancer, the results of a phase 1 clinical trial have shown. By sequencing patient’s tumors, scientists identified specific targets for the vaccines to attack. Though currently just demonstrating safety, they showed promising results regarding long-term positive outcomes for some patients. 

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Ancient Egyptian “Lost Golden City” Called Biggest Find Since Tutankhamun's Tomb 

The largest ancient city ever found in Egypt has been announced, located on the western bank of Luxor near the Valley of the Kings. Ruled over by Tutankhamun’s grandfather, Pharaoh Amenhotep III, 3,400 years ago it has been named the “The Rise of Aten” or “The Lost Golden City”. Alongside jewelry and pottery, the ruins reveal kitchens, a bakery, and a large residential district that offer a tantalizing glimpse into ancient Egyptian life.  

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Scientists Create Whitest Paint In The World That Could Help Us Fight Global Warming 

Scientists have created the whitest paint ever, beating the most reflective white paint created last year. Researchers claim 98.1 percent of sunlight is reflected back by the new paint, meaning only 1.9 percent of heat is absorbed, doubling the cooling power of the previous white paint. This could be a game-changer for fighting global warming as the paint could be used to cool buildings and cities. 

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The Total Number Of TRex That Ever Walked The Earth Is 2.5 Billion 

Scientists have calculated the total number of individual T. Rex that walked the Earth and, based on body size and population density, have concluded this figure is roughly 2.5 billion. This wasn’t all at once, of course, but staggered for the 2-3 million years it existed in the Cretaceous. It’s thought around 20,000 T. Rex were alive and roaming the planet at any one time. As the scientists put it, that’s a lot of jaws and teeth.  

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Japan Confirms It Will Start Dumping Contaminated Water From Fukushima Into The Ocean 

The Japanese Government has announced it will start releasing contaminated water from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power stations into the Pacific ocean in around two years. Radioactive water used to cool down the fuel or that had penetrated the plant after the nuclear disaster in 2011 is stored in thousands of tanks, but these are predicted to fill up by 2022, leaving Japan in the unenviable position of how to dispose of it.  

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Featured article:  Controversial Human-Monkey Chimera Embryos Generated In Lab Grow For Record 19 Days 

Seen the headlines and wondering if we're about to create Frankenstein-esque human-monkey people? We spoke to the researchers and explain the scientific achievement, the questionable ethics, the potential benefits, and anything else you want to know right here.

Read the full story here.