We Think We Know Where That Interstellar Object Came From

It may have come from a relatively near planetary system. NASA/JPL-Caltech

We may have spied our first ever interstellar object in the Solar System last month. Now, scientists think they might know where it came from.

The object A/2017 U1 – now nicknamed Oumuamua, Hawaiian for “first messenger” – caused a huge amount of excitement when it was spotted in October. Its path around the Sun suggests it came from another planetary system, flung out by a planet, and not our own.

And a paper on arXiv has suggested a possible origin. Three researchers believe it may have come from a nearby stellar cluster in the Carina and Columba Associations about 163 to 277 light-years away. It’s thought to have been flung out of a planetary system in this cluster about 40 million years ago, and more could be on the way.

“Like a shower of shooting stars at night or bugs on the windshield of a moving automobiles, we should encounter more of them coming from the same direction,” Eric Gaidos from the University of Hawaii, the study's lead author, told IFLScience.

They came to this conclusion after looking through data from ESA’s Gaia mission, which is attempting to track the motion of 1 billion stars in our galaxy. They then attempted to track candidates that could account for the motion of A/2017 U1. 

In our studies of the object so far, we’ve seen a lack of a coma and ice, suggesting it is an asteroid and not a comet. This suggests it formed relatively far inwards in its planetary system, inside the “ice line” where ice can form. In our Solar System, that is beyond the orbit of Mars.

They are also able to constrain the size of the planet that flung this rock our way. It could have been anywhere from a super-Earth, a few times the size of our planet, to a gas giant 20 or 30 times the mass of Earth.

The object A/2017 U1, now called Oumuamua. Queen's University Belfast
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