In August, Dr Kevin Dutton of Oxford University ranked US president-elect Donald Trump as "above Adolf Hitler" on a standard scale used to measure potential psychopathy in adults, according to the science news site (Hillary Clinton scored pretty highly, too).
That sounds like a cheap shot.
But Trump does display some of the symptoms clinicians look for when trying to diagnose psychopaths and sociopaths. (Many psychiatrists and criminologists use the terms interchangeably, but experts disagree on whether the two are meaningfully different.) In fact, most people display some symptoms of psychopathy — superficiality, glibness, promiscuous sexual behavior, etc. — and that does not make you a psychopath.
In a political leader, a few psychopathic traits may not be a bad thing, such as fearlessness, dominant behavior, and immunity to stress. Indeed, psychopaths are found in greater proportions among CEOs. Between 3% and 21% of CEOs are probably psychopaths, according to a study by Bond University psychologist Nathan Brooks. The background rate of psychopathy in the normal population is about 1%.
The standard screening test for potential psychopaths is the Hare Psychopathy Checklist. In the test, a clinician interviews a potential sociopath and scores them on 20 criteria, such as "promiscuous sexual behavior" or "impulsivity." On each criterion, the subject is ranked on a 3-point scale: (0 = item does not apply, 1 = item applies somewhat, 2 = item definitely applies). The scores are summed to create a rank of zero to 40. Anyone who scores 30 and above is probably a psycho.
The test is supposed to be done by a professional psychologist but if you really want to take it yourself — or make a layperson's guess at Trump's psychological makeup — keep scrolling:
- 1. Do you have "excess glibness" or superficial charm?
(Answer: For sociopaths, the answer to this question is yes.)
2. Do you have a grandiose sense of self-worth?
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3. Do you have an excess need for stimulation or proneness to boredom?
(Psychopaths can't endure periods of the doldrums.)
4. Are you a pathological liar?
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(Psychopaths don't care about the truth.)
5. Are you conning or manipulative?
(Psychopaths often believe they can pull the strings of the dupes around them.)
6. Do you display a lack of remorse or guilt?
(Psychopaths don't feel bad when they do bad things.)
7. Do you have "shallow affect"?
(Psychopaths show a lack of emotions when an emotional reaction is appropriate.)