The proclivities of stars will always serve to make us seem incredibly, fantastically small – and solar tornadoes are no exception to this. These vast, twisting structures, seen on the surface of our very own local star, are often large enough to consume multiple Earths, and as observed by NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) satellite, they can reach temperatures of up to 2,000,000°C (3,600,000°F).
Here’s the thing, though: They’re not actually spinning, which means they're not really tornadoes. This curious revelation comes courtesy of an international team of researchers, who presented the cumulative results of several of their studies at the European Week of Astronomy and Space Science (EWASS) in Liverpool this Friday.
Previous images, turned into small movies by the SDO, really do make them look like they’re spinning, but this simply isn’t the case; we’re just being tricked by what is essentially an optical illusion. We're certainly going to have to stop calling them "tornadoes".
“We have yet to come up with a more appropriate name, though one could call them 'oscillating pillars,'" the University of Glasgow's Dr Nicolas Labrosse, who presented the work, told IFLScience.
The problem with these furious fakers – thought to be rooted somewhere beneath the surficial solar corona, which prevents them from moving anywhere – is that they’d only really been seen in two dimensions in the past. Although they’ve been observed for around a century through various means, most of our best images have come courtesy of the aforementioned SDO.
These clearly show huge plumes, composed of magnetized superheated plasma, that resemble terrestrial tornadoes. Although it wasn’t thought that they behaved in a way that could be directly comparable to our tornadoes, they did appear to be spinning based on the imagery we had obtained.