The model expects the distribution of galaxies to be changing in a very specific way over the ages of the universe. The Square Kilometer Array (SKA), a proposed radio telescope that if it goes ahead will be built in South Africa and Australia, would produce enough data on the subject that it should be able to prove if dark matter, modified gravity, or even this dark fluid is responsible.
The construction of the SKA will begin in 2019 and a more definite answer might come towards 2030. Since there’s time, Farnes is looking into past data to see if there are suggestions that negative mass particles might exist. He also suggested that CERN could spot them, if they do.
The model, as it currently stands, however, has no explanation for the nature of negative masses and their origin, which is an important limitation. Mass remains poorly understood in particle physics and more work is needed. Dr Farnes hopes that his idea is considered seriously even if it is unconventional.
“Of course, just because the theory is unconventional does not mean that it is correct! The data may possibly end up confirming that there are no negative masses, or possibly that we are completely surrounded by negative masses,” Dr Farnes stated. “Either way I am happy if we can move a little closer to understanding the true nature of our universe.”