NASA's $3.26 Billion Saturn Mission Is In A Death Spiral — Here's What Cassini May Discover Before Meeting Its Doom

An illustration of NASA's Cassini probe as it plunges into the clouds of Saturn.NASA/JPL-Caltech

NASA's Cassini probe is doomed.

The nuclear-powered robot — part of a $3.26 billion, three-decade-long effort — has orbited Saturn for nearly 13 years. But it's running dangerously low on fuel.

NASA doesn't want to risk crashing Cassini into any of Saturn's icy moons, since it could contaminate their hidden oceans. So the space agency just kicked off a death spiral that will burn up the spacecraft in Saturn's atmosphere.

On Saturday, Cassini paid a final visit to Saturn's largest moon, Titan, which set the robot on a path to make an unprecedented dive between Saturn and its innermost rings on Wednesday.

The new orbit will lead Cassini to a spectacular death on September 15.

"This is a roller-coaster ride," Earl Maize, an engineer at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory who manages the Cassini mission, said during a press briefing on April 4. "We're going in, and we are not coming out. It's a one-way trip."

In the intervening months, however, the robot will go where none has gone before it and beam back a treasure trove of photos and data that researchers have thus far only dreamed about.

"It's Cassini's blaze of glory," Linda Spilker, a Cassini project scientist and a planetary scientist at NASA's JPL, told Business Insider. "It will be doing science until the very last second."

Spilker walked us through what Cassini may see and discover during its final moments.

Launched in 1997, NASA's Cassini spacecraft spent seven years flying to Saturn. It sank into orbit in July 2004 — but the probe has since run low on propellant.

Launched in 1997, NASA's Cassini spacecraft spent seven years flying to Saturn. It sank into orbit in July 2004 — but the probe has since run low on propellant.

NASA fears it could crash into a moon like Enceladus, which conceals a habitable ocean beneath its icy crust. Cassini discovered the ocean by flying through Enceladus' watery jets.


Source: Business Insider

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