Sadly, there are many challenges and obstacles along the way to overcome. Unlike other forms of renewable electricity generation, the price of building a geothermal plant is still relatively expensive compared to fossil fuel equivalents.
Additionally, the huge and rapidly increasing population – along with heavy handed bureaucracy and an underdeveloped electrical grid that is far from widespread – means that getting this new geothermal initiative off the ground may be somewhat difficult.
Nevertheless, the global trend towards renewable power seems inexorable as of late. Between 1960 and 2013, renewable energy jumped from powering 2.7 of the world to 8.6 percent. Meanwhile, fossil fuel consumption has dropped from 94 to 81 percent.
The current determination of both the US and China – by far the world’s two largest carbon emitters – to sign up to clean energy is most welcome. Along with their ratification of the Paris agreement, this behavior increases the likelihood of other sizable nations around the world to ditch their reliance on fossil fuels. Meanwhile, smaller nations like Costa Rica are already able to run on renewable energy sources for several consecutive months, setting a wonderful example to others.
Climate change is a threat that will affect everything and everyone, and if a country can do something about it, it needs to act. Indonesia is unique with regards to its geothermal reserves. Considering 1,500 of its islands could be underwater by 2050, it would be a fool not to take action.
Bali is threatened by sea level rise. Farizun Amrod Saad/Shutterstock
[H/T: AFP via France 24]