If The USA Exits The Paris Agreement, This Is What Will Happen

The Eiffel Tower is illuminated by green lights in order to celebrate the ratification of the Paris Agreement. Geoffroy Van Der Hasselt/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

Climate Refugees From Coastal Regions Will Flood Inland

So far, climate change refugees are found moving across the Middle East and parts of sub-Saharan Africa, parts of which will be uninhabitably hot and devoid of local, drinkable water by 2050. Similarly, low-lying islands in the middle of the Pacific and Indian Oceans will soon see them sink beneath the waves, forcing their residents to flee.

Plenty of cities in wealthy nations will be in trouble too, including Italy's Venice. Thomas Pesquent/ESA/NASA

However, America is set to get climate refugees of its own.

During the 2016 election, Hillary Clinton and Al Gore made a campaign stop together in Florida. The state is particularly vulnerable to rising sea levels and hurricanes, so they made a point that the Republican Senator from Florida, Marco Rubio, is ironically a climate change denier. Rubio was re-elected as Senator anyway.

This won’t help those living along the coast, particularly in Miami, which will see more than 2 million of its residents lose their houses to the sea by 2100. In total, 13.1 million Americans will be forced to move away from the coast and into cities further inland by then. This will place a huge burden on cities like Dallas, Atlanta, Seattle, and Chicago – and an economic headache is likely to follow.

America Will Get Sicker

Climate change also, directly and indirectly, affects people’s health in ways scientists are only just beginning to discover. For every degree the mercury rises, an extra 100,000 people will get diabetes as their warmer bodies will be unable to break down blood sugar as efficiently. Earlier Springs mean that asthma and hay fever sufferers will experience attacks earlier and more severely.

Communicable diseases like malaria and Zika will be able to reach areas further north than they have ever been, and stagnant air means pollution lingers for longer. Expect an increase in respiratory and cardiovascular ailments over the next few decades.

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