The US Congress has just returned from a seven-week-long summer break, and among other things, it’s got a lot of science funding to decide on. As ever, it’s a huge chaotic jumble of offers and counteroffers, and Science has given a breakdown of some of the major deals that may or may not be made in the next few weeks to months.
Importantly, one responsibility that Congress must undertake is that it needs to pass an overall government spending bill in order to allow it to operate for the 2017 fiscal year, which begins on October 1. As ever, the Republicans are pondering on whether or not to agree on the existing spending pact made with President Obama.
As many of them are hoping for a Trump victory this November, they are hoping to hold out on the budget decisions for as long as possible. It’s possible that, if they want to play around with the budget – increase military spending while cutting domestic programs, for example – they will simply extend the 2016 budget into early 2017 on a temporary basis.
What this so-called “continuing resolution” (CR) means is that the budgets of federal research agencies will be frozen well into next year. Consequently, new science programs cannot be started and new funds for much-needed projects cannot be appropriated until further notice.
One such project is a major mission to one of the moons of Jupiter, likely to be Europa. NASA is investing far more money into Mars at present, and they only requested $49.6 million for a potential Europa mission for the next fiscal year.
Curiously, a Republican-led commission in the House has requested $260 million, which is good news for fans of the Jovian system. However, if the CR comes into effect, any hope of this project getting started in the near future will die.
The Obama administration is keen to keep on funding the Earth Sciences, but many Republicans are attempting to defund much of it. David Peterlin/Shutterstock